The State Board of Education issued a charter to Montgomery Technical Institute on September 7, 1967. As directed by law, eight members were appointed to the Board of Trustees. In November 1967, administrative and teaching personnel were employed. Extension classes were conducted in 1967-68, and full-time curriculum students were accepted in August 1968. The institution's first students were graduated in June 1969. Adult Basic Education and adult high school diploma programs began in October 1968.
In June 1968, a building on Page Street in Troy was occupied as a temporary location of Montgomery Technical Institute. On June 3, 1971, the State Board of Education approved Montgomery Technical Institute as a charter technical institution, effective July 1971. In compliance with law, four additional trustees were appointed by the Governor on December 1, 1971. Responsibility for local control of the college was given to the Board of Trustees, including the president of the Student Government Association who serves as an ex-officio member of the Board.
In October 1975, the citizens of Montgomery County passed a bond issue authorizing the construction of a new campus of 64,000 square feet of space on a 149 acre tract of land. The State Board of Education Department of Community Colleges accredited Montgomery Technical Institute on December 7, 1978, and on December 19, 1978, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools affirmed its accreditation.
The Commission of Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools reaffirmed the Institute's accreditation on December 19, 1983. Montgomery Technical Institute became Montgomery Technical College in 1983 in accordance with legislative and board approval, and in September 1987, the Board of Trustees and Montgomery County Commissioners voted for the name to be officially changed to Montgomery Community College as authorized by the North Carolina General Assembly. On December 19, 1993, the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools reaffirmed Montgomery Community College's accreditation to offer associate degrees, diplomas, and certificates.
In 1992, local citizens and North Carolina voters approved, through a bond referendum, $2.6 million in matching funds to finance a Business, Industry, Technology Resource Center (BITRC) and the Montgomery County School Board voted in 1994 to transfer approximately four acres of land to the College to be used for the facility. The Center contains 44,800 square feet of space utilized for an electronic library, an interactive classroom to transmit and receive real-time voice, video, and data on the North Carolina Information Highway (NCIH), and classrooms/laboratories. The building serves as a facilitation site for employers to train all levels of staff.
In 2004, Building 500 on the MCC campus underwent a 3,000 square feet renovation which now houses the Criminal Justice Complex. The Complex has classrooms and a physical fitness center, as well as showers, which complement the College’s Criminal Justice and Basic Law Enforcement Training programs. In 2009, new construction of a building for the Forest Management Technologies program added approximately 6,400 square feet to the campus. Classrooms and labs in Building 100 formerly used for the Forestry program were renovated to provide operatories and learning labs for the Dental Assisting program. The campus now includes facilities of approximately 134,400 square feet on 153 acres of land.